A domain is the name by which a website is known. There are domains for every type of company or circumstance and it is the domain that will define how it will be found on the Internet.
Types of Domain
The types of Internet domains are divided into three large groups, the generic domains or gTLD (geopraphical Top Level Domain), the ccTLD (country code Top Level Domain) and the third level domains.
gTLDs are generic domains that do not fit the environment of a specific country. We know them to be the most common and they have extensions .com, org, .net, .top, etc. That is: Smart10.top is a generic domain.
Domains with a .com extension are used by companies and commercial organizations around the world. Those with .org extension are used by non-profit organizations and institutions and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). While companies and institutions related to Internet services are defined by having a .net extension.
The domains associated with a specific country are the ccTLDs, which are defined by acquiring a site with a unique extension belonging to each region. For example, in Mexico ccTLD domains end with the extension .mx, in USA is .us, in Spain this type of domain ends with .es, or in France, the extension is .fr.
Third Level Domains
Third level domains have the same purpose as gTLD domains, but they also acquire the territorial identity of the ccTLDs. Government or educational domains are characteristic of this type. They simply must have a termination .com.us, .edu.es, etc.
However outside these three big groups, there are other types of domain extensions, some perhaps unknown and others more common than we think. Conversions presents you the most used ones:
Types of Domain: Extension Description
They are assigned by government institutions by country
Exclusive use for universities, secondary, primary and education-related institutions
They’re used mainly by video, film and television companies
For use on sites compatible with mobile devices
Domains designed mainly for information dissemination
For companies, organizations and individuals located in Asia, Australia and the Pacific
Can be used for commercial and business activities
This extension can be useful for those who want to get a global domain and have no possibility to get a .com
Abbreviation for Web Site, it is an option for any type of web
For sites with sexual or pornographic content
Intended for registration of proper names, nicknames, etc.
For specific use reserved for professionals of certain categories, grouped in sub-domains. Example: .med.pro (doctors)
Exclusive use for the United States military
Reserved to cooperatives and to register it is necessary to prove the existence of the cooperative through the corresponding local body
The use of this domain is exclusive to museums
For use by travel agents or tourist destinations
There are also the generic Multilingual domains: those .com, .org and .net domains that have “ñ” letter (spanish), accents or other special characters. Example: España.com.
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