Today everyone knows what the Internet is but who invented it? We are talking about a computer tool that has changed our lives. It is present or is used in an immense number of devices, serving not only as an immediate means of communication, but as a service capable of providing us with huge amounts of information and making life easier, through all kinds of functionalities, to millions of people throughout the world.
And it is that the Internet has revolutionized computing and communications like nothing else. The invention of the telegraph, the telephone, the radio, and the computer laid the foundation for this unprecedented integration of functionality.
The Internet is both a global broadcast tool, a mechanism for disseminating information, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between people and their computers, regardless of their geographic location.
Being such a tool so present today, many are those who wonder who or who were its inventors really. To whom do we owe our gratitude?
Who Invented the Internet ?
The beginnings of the Internet date back to the 1960s. During the Cold War, the United States created an exclusively military network, with the aim that, in the hypothetical case of a Russian attack, military information could be accessed from any point from the country.
This network, which they called Advanced Researchs Projects Agency (ARPA), was founded through the Ministry of Defense. The ARPA consisted of about 200 high-level scientists and had a large budget. The ARPA focused on creating direct communications between computers to be able to communicate the different research bases.
In 1962, the ARPA created a computational research program under the direction of John Licklider, a scientist at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
By 1967 enough work had been done for the ARPA to publish a plan to create a computer network called the ARPANET. ARPANET compiled the best works of the teams from MIT, the Natinonal Physics Laboratory (UK) and the Rand Corporation.
The network was growing and in 1971 ARPANET had 23 points connected. Anyone for academic or research purposes could have access to the network.
From ARPANET to today’s Internet
In the early 1980s, computers began to develop exponentially. It is then that the World Wide Web (WWW) appeared, a network of «sites» designed by Tim Berners-Lee and some scientists at CERN in Geneva that can be searched and displayed with a protocol called HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
It was a program that was free. And although it is not very well known today, many scientific communities began to use it at the time. Since the publication of WWW technology in 1993 and browsers, such as Mosaic, the Internet began to open to a wider audience, giving room for different commercial activities, the creation of personal pages, the sending of emails (and -mails), etc.
This growth was accelerated with the appearance of new, cheaper and more powerful computers, gradually reaching the global extension that we enjoy today.
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