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Who owns the internet ? There are two possible answers to this question. The first «Nobody», the second «Many people».

If you think of the internet as a unified and unique entity, then no one owns it. There are organizations that determine the structure and functioning of the Internet, but have no ownership over the Internet itself.

Are Governments Owners of Internet ?

No government can claim ownership of the Internet, nor can any company. The Internet is like the telephone system, nobody owns everything.

Are there many Owners ?

From another point of view, thousands of people and organizations own the Internet since the Internet consists of many different bits and pieces, each of which has an owner.

Who Controls the Internet ?

Some of these owners can control the quality and level of access. They may not own the entire system, but they can influence your Internet experience.

The physical network that carries Internet traffic between different computer systems is the backbone. In the early days of the Internet, Arpanet served as the backbone of the system.

Today, several large companies provide the routers and cable that make up the backbone of the Internet. These companies are Internet Service Providers (ISPs). That means that anyone who wants to access the Internet should ultimately work with those companies, which include:

  • IBM
  • Verizon
  • Qwest
  • Level 3
  • AT&T
  • Sprint

Smaller Companies

Then you have all the Internet Small Providers (ISPs). Many individual consumers and businesses subscribe to ISPs that are not part of the Internet backbone. These ISPs negotiate with previous ISPs for Internet access.

Cable and DSL companies are examples of smaller ISPs. These companies are concerned with what the industry calls the last mile, that is, the distance between the end consumer and Internet connectivity.

Within the backbone are the Internet Exchange Points (IXP), which are physical connections between networks that allow the exchange of data. For example, while Sprint, Verizon, and AT&T provide part of the Internet backbone infrastructure, the three networks are not intertwined. They connect to each other on an IXP. Various companies and nonprofits manage IXPs.

The individual computer networks that make up the Internet may have owners. Each Internet Service Provider has its own network. The governments of various nations monitor computer networks.

Many companies have local area networks (LANs) that connect to the Internet. Each of these networks is both a part of the Internet and its own separate entity. Depending on local laws, the owners of these networks can control the level of user access to the Internet.

You can be considered the owner of the Internet. Do you have a device that you use to connect to the internet? If so, that means the device you own becomes part of the huge internal network system. So you are a proud owner of a part of the Internet, yes, it is only a very small part.

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Who Owns the Internet ? There are two possible answers to this question. The first "Nobody", the second "Many people"
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